Healthcare Associated Infections (HAIs)
What are healthcare-associated infections
Risk factors for HAIs
HAIs – extent, costs of the problem
Major types of HAIs
- Catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI)
- Central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI)
- Surgical site infection (SSI)
- Ventilator-associated events (VAE)
- Norovirus opens in a new tab
- Pseudomonas aeruginosa opens in a new tab
- Staphylococcus aureus opens in a new tab
- Tuberculosis (TB) opens in a new tab
- Vancomycin-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus and Vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus opens in a new tab
- Vancomycin-resistant Enterococci (VRE) opens in a new tab
Prevention of HAIs
CDC and other healthcare and public health partners use knowledge gained from HAI surveillance, outbreak investigations, research and expert advice and guidance to improve clinical practice, medical and surgical diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, and for the ongoing development of evidence-based infection control guidance and HAI prevention successes.
The CDC maintains a robust website for prevention of HAIs that has specific guidelines, prevention toolkits, infection prevention plans, checklists, and audiovisual materials. These materials are targeted for specific types of infections, organisms, as well as being directed to a variety of health care settings and audiences, including the public.
- CDC Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC)
The Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC), a federal advisory body, provides guidance to both CDC and the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) on all matters related to surveillance, infection prevention and control. The primary activity of the Committee is to provide advice on periodic updating of existing CDC guidelines and development of new CDC guidelines. In addition to CDC-HICPAC . A number of healthcare and professional organizations offer guidelines for the prevention of HAIs. Many of these organizations are liaisons to the CDC’s HICPAC. (List of infection prevention-related liaison organizations to HICPAC. For a listing of key infection prevention guidelines visit:
Tracking HAIs and success of prevention
- CDC NHSN
More than 13,000 healthcare facilities currently track HAIs through the CDC’s National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN), the most widely used tracking system in the U.S. NHSN allows facilities to track, benchmark HAIs, identify infection prevention problems, and measure and track progress on prevention efforts, to ultimately eliminate HAIs.
- CDC HAI progress report
The CDC’s National and State Healthcare-Associated Infections Progress Report provides a closer look at the healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) most commonly reported to CDC using the National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN). This annual report describes national and state progress in preventing central line-associated bloodstream infections, catheter-associated urinary tract infections, surgical site infections after colon surgery and surgical site infections after abdominal hysterectomy. The report is based on 2012 data.
- CDC Healthy People 2020
The CDC’s Healthy People 2020 initiative, the nation’s report card, also sets goals and measures progress towards elimination of HAIs.
- HHS – National Action Plan to Prevent HAIs
The National Action Plan to Prevent Health Care-Associated Infections provides a roadmap to the elimination of preventable HAIs, an important public health and patient safety issue. A federal Steering Committee was convened by the Secretary of HHS and is charged is to coordinate and maximize the efficiency of prevention efforts across the federal government. Members of the Steering Committee include clinicians, scientists and public health leaders.